What to Do When a Recession Strikes?
What to Do When a Recession Strikes?

Investors are obviously concerned when there are recessionary fears.

If your investing horizon is short—for example, if you want to retire soon—you could be particularly concerned about how your portfolio will fair if the economy weakens.

In an effort to reduce inflation without sending the economy into a recession, the Federal Reserve has raised interest rates many times. However, a recession is predicted by many specialists.

Here are some suggestions for managing your financial portfolio during a recession.

  • Where to put your money during a recession
  • How to invest in a downturn
  • Will there be a recession?

Where to put your money during a recession

The best course of action may just be adhering to your solid investing strategy. However, if you’re uncertain about where to invest, the following investing choices might bring your portfolio closer to being recession-proof.

Stock dividends

According to Henry Yoshida, CEO of Rocket Dollar, a provider of self-directed individual retirement accounts located in Austin, Texas, stocks that provide dividends might be a smart addition to a retirement portfolio. Companies often pay dividends to shareholders as a way to distribute earnings.

Yoshida continues, rather than only seeking for firms that pay a high dividend percentage, investors would be better off investing in dividend growers, or stocks with dividend rates that climb quarter after quarter.


A high-quality corporation that can increase its dividend in a recessionary, high-rate environment “shows that a company can retain profitability even in a collapsing economy,” claims Yoshida. In spite of low stock prices and gloomy market attitude, he says, investors should make sure to keep an eye on high-quality firms.

“High quality and sustained profitability are often associated to growing dividends,” he claims.

Protective stocks

According to Robert Johnson, a professor at the Heider College of Business at Creighton University, equities in the sectors of food and beverage, household and personal care, health care, and utilities are defensive in character when the economy is weaker and less purchases are being made by consumers.

No matter how well or poorly the economy is doing, people still need to eat, clean their teeth, visit the doctor, and heat their homes.

Growth stocks, on the other hand, which are stocks of businesses predicted to develop faster than the market as a whole, typically do poorly during a recession.

According to Yoshida, risky investments such as recently seen big run-ups in technological boom companies will underperform during a recession.

Bonds According to Yoshida, purchasing bonds may be a wise choice for some investors. Bonds have had a rough year, just like stocks, and investors might benefit by paying less for bonds, whose returns are often less volatile than equities.

Bond values normally decrease when interest rates rise, but they often increase when the converse occurs and rates drop.

Considering that longer-term bonds lose value faster than shorter-term bonds do in an environment when interest rates are increasing, Johnson suggests that some investors shorten the length of their fixed-income portfolios. Selling bonds with longer maturities and purchasing bonds with shorter maturities is one tactic.

How to invest in a downturn

You should consider not just what to invest in during a recession, but also how to invest during a recession.


Never attempt to time the market.

Avoiding attempting to time the market is the key to investing during recessions and most of the time.

That’s in part because it frequently takes a while for people to realize that the economy has entered a recession.

If one waits to abandon the market until we are in a recession, then markets have often already declined, Johnson adds. “Stock markets are typically leading economic indicators.” “Similarly, if one waits until the recession has finished to enter the market again, the market has often already rebounded.”

Financial advisors frequently advise following a long-term investment strategy that is in keeping with your risk tolerance, objectives, and time frame.

Invest in a variety of things

By keeping diverse portfolios, investors may also weather the ups and downs of the stock and bond markets and accomplish their long-term objectives, according to Johnson.

A diverse portfolio is one that includes a variety of investments, including stocks and bonds. It also refers to making investments in businesses of all sizes, industries, and national and international firms. The theory is that if one sector of your portfolio falters, another might remain stable or even perform well.


Additionally, choosing ETFs — bundles of assets — over individual equities is frequently a wise decision. With funds, such as exchange-traded funds, your risk is distributed over a variety of securities.

Establish an emergency fund.

Remember to have enough cash on hand to handle situations like losing your job when deciding where to invest your money during a recession. Financial gurus often advise maintaining three to six months’ worth of spending in cash, but many also advise carrying a little bit extra, if feasible, when a recession is anticipated.

The final word? Stay calm, and stick to your investment strategy.

Will there be a recession?

When a recession starts, according to the National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER), a group that studies business cycles, there must be a widespread fall in employment, GDP, personal income, retail sales, and industrial production. The committee has not yet declared that there is a recession in the United States.

Not everyone is in agreement. The first quarter’s GDP decreased by 1.6%, while the second quarter’s GDP decreased by 0.6%, according to the Bureau of Economic Analysis. The third quarter had a 2.6% increase in GDP, however two consecutive quarters of negative GDP are generally regarded as a recession. Recession was referred to as such by several individuals and groups, including the Republican House Judiciary Committee.

A recession was not formally proclaimed, once more. However, a lot of financial analysts believe one will happen in 2023. For instance, Anthony Chan, a former senior economist at JPMorgan Chase, estimates that there is a 90% chance of a recession occurring in the next 18 months.

Johnson claims that a short-term recession in 2023 is more probable than unlikely.

“Engineering a gentle landing for the economy and still winning the fight to contain inflation will be exceedingly challenging for the Fed,” he asserts.


Jake Smith

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Jake Smith

He is the editor of Eragoncred. Previously, he was editor-in-chief of Eragoncred and a financial industry reporter. Jake has spent most of his career as a Digital Media journalist and has over 10 years of experience as a writer and editor.